Auto and Road User Journal
Auto and Road User Journal
September 9, 1998
TranSafety, Inc.
1-800-777-2338
(U.S. and Canada)
(360) 683-6276
Fax: (360) 335-6402
transafety@live.com

THE NATIONAL SAFE KIDS CAMPAIGN BICYCLE INJURY FACT SHEET

(This article is reproduced with permission from the website of the National Safe Kids Campaign at http://www.safekids.org/home.html.)

More than 70 percent of children ages 5 to 14 (27.7 million) ride bicycles. This age group rides about 50 percent more than the average bicyclist and accounts for approximately one-third of all bicycle-related deaths and more than two-thirds of all bicycle-related injuries. Bicycles are associated with more childhood injuries than any other consumer product except the automobile.

Head injury is the leading cause of death in bicycle crashes and is the most important determinant of bicycle-related death and permanent disability. Head injuries account for more than 60 percent of bicycle-related deaths, more than two-thirds of bicycle-related hospital admissions, and about one-third of hospital emergency room visits for bicycling injuries. The single most effective safety device available to reduce head injury and death from bicycle crashes is a bicycle helmet. Helmet use is associated with a reduction in the risk of bicycle-related death and injury and a reduction in the severity of head injury when a crash occurs. Unfortunately, national estimates report that bicycle helmet use among child bicyclists ranges from 15 to 25 percent. Helmet usage is lowest (for all ages) among children ages 11 to 14 (11 percent). Bicycle education programs and mandatory bicycle helmet legislation are effective at increasing helmet use and, therefore, reducing bicycle-related death and injury.

DEATHS AND INJURIES

WHEN AND WHERE BICYCLE DEATHS AND INJURIES OCCUR

WHO IS AT RISK

BICYCLE HELMET EFFECTIVENESS

BICYCLE HELMET LAWS AND REGULATIONS

HEALTH CARE COSTS AND SAVINGS

PREVENTION TIPS FROM THE NATIONAL SAFE KIDS CAMPAIGN

9/97

This information was compiled by the National SAFE KIDS Campaign (NSKC), 1301 Pennsylvania Avenue, Suite 1000, Washington, D.C. 20004-1707.



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